As a driver in Malaysia, one of the nightmares you will get is when you receive a traffic summons from PDRM (Polis DiRaja Malaysia). Besides PDRM, you could even receive a summon from other authorities like JPJ (Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan Malaysia) or if you are in a vicinity of Kuala Lumpur, from DBKL (Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur).
What are the rates like?
One thing for sure, any summon will go into the hundreds. The underlying principle is that you should try to settle the summon as soon as possible. The longer you delay, the more you will need to pay.
In recent years, there has been a lot of instances when discounts were given out to traffic offenders. Although this is quite often, it should not be counted on because it might not happen all the time. So, back to the rule of thumb. If you have a summon, settle it as soon as you can.
What are the rates like?
While the rates are quite standard, they might change every once a while without any official announcement. Hence. You should be aware of what offence you have committed before agreeing to pay anything.
First Category Offences
Offences under the first category includes speeding, driving in under the influence of alcohol, using the emergency lane while driving and others. This relates to offences that were committed and became the primary cause of any accident, risking the road users’ safety and causing traffic congestion.
The rate is RM300 for all vehicle types and all duration between 1 to 60 days of the issuance of the summon. Please refer below for the exact amount.
Second Category Offence
This category relates to the behaviour of the driver when driving which contributed to congestion, accidents or to the public’s safety. All vehicle types are included in this category. Among the types of offences that are categorized here include:
- making an illegal u-turn
- Speeding not exceeding 40km/h of the allowed speed limit
- stopping in the yellow box
- driving past red light
- Not wearing a seat belt
- cutting queue
The general compound is RM150 if you pay the summons within 15 days, RM200 between 16 to 30 days and RM300 between 30 and 60 days.
Third Category Offence
This type of offences are the least serious. However, they warrant similar consequences although the fines might not be as heavy. Types of offences in this category includes:
- faulty brake lights
- failure to switch on headlights after 7pm
- faulty side mirrors
For this category, fines will be RM100 if paid within 15 days, RM50 between 15 and 30 days and RM250 between 30 and 60 days.
Fourth Category Offence
This category offences are those that are not directly contributing to accidents, congestions or public’s safety. It include:
- Expired driving license
- failure to display ‘P’ plate
- failure to update ownership of vehicle
Rates start at RM70 for first 15 days, RM120 between 16 and 30 days and RM150 between 16 and 30 days.
Common types of offences
As a rule of thumb, below are some of the common rates for any of the categories above:
- Exceeding 01 to 20km/h = RM130
- Exceeding 21 to 30km/h = RM150
- Exceeding 31 to 40km/h = RM180
- Exceeding 41 to 50km/h = RM200
- Exceeding 51 = more than RM200
- Failing to put on seat belt – RM120
- Driving recklessly – RM150
- Dangerous Driving – maximum of RM300
Take note that for every offence that you have committed, certain demerit points will be incurred if you committed any offence. The more serious the offence, the higher the demerit points will be. This is where it will determine how long your license will be suspended.
Other common offences
If you are involved in illegal racing and caught, you will incur more than RM200 in summons while your vehicle will be confiscated where you will then be required to appear before the court.
Using your mobile phones while driving, you will be fined RM200 plus demerit points. Your phone or other device will be confiscated as well. Take note that it is considered illegal to hold your phone when driving. This is even if you are putting it on loudspeaker.
If you have no number plate (dropped or damaged included), it will be a RM70 fine which is the same if your number plate is too stylish and does not meet the JPJ specifications.
Drunk driving is the most serious offence. You could be fined up to RM5,000 which is the maximum. Your driving license will be suspended and you could even be slapped with a jail term.
The simplest advice for your car could save you a lot of money. Many people do not know this because they always believe that going to the mechanic will solve all your car problems. But if you follow the tips below, it actually keeps your vehicle running better.
Top tips you never knew that works
Below are some of the practices you can apply to your vehicle and to make it better, you need not be an expert to do so.
Reduce wear and tear on your wipers
Use Rain-X on your windshield. When you do, you do not even need to activate the wipers during light showers as the water will disperse automatically.
Get out of mud easily
If you find yourself being stuck in a puddle of mud and cannot out, do the following:
- Get out of your vehicle
- Lower the tyre pressure
- Slowly but steadily manoeuvre out of the mud
- Head to the nearest petrol station and increase the pressure to its original state
Floor the accelerator
Whenever possible, floor your car at the highway. A lot of drivers believe that they should treat the engine tenderness by not speeding it. When you do this occasionally, it clears the carbon in the injectors that are deposited there over time.
Musical chairs for the tyres
This is actually not entirely necessary but it helps by giving your tyres longer operation life. Look for the arrow on your tyre and see which direction they should go and then rotate them every 6 months or so.
Tip for parking
For automatic cars, do the following when you are coming to a park.
- Apply the emergency break
- Shift to P
- This will help to minimize the stress on the transmission. After all, the brakes were designed to take the weight of the vehicle
Minimize your key bundle
Your car keys should not hold too much. Some drivers like to put all the keys in one bunch. This will cause damage to the ignition’s system and is more so when your car goes through a bumpy ride.Read More
When buying a car, the resale value makes a big difference in influencing your decision. Whether it is a Japanese, Korean, French or German brand, every buyer will want to know how much the vehicle will cost after a few years in case they decide to sell it then.
Japanese brands has the highest value
When it comes to cars In Malaysia, 2 Japanese brands will have the highest resale value which are Toyota and Honda. That is the very reason why they have the best selling models in most segments. Toyota Vios and Honda City are selling very well mainly because they are demanded even in the used car market.
Meanwhile, other brands like Suzuki, Mitsubishi and Subaru have been selling very well as new cars but when it comes to the used car market, their resale value are much lower.
Korean brands have lower resale value
On the other hand, Korean models are not as good performing in this. Brands like Kia and Hyundai has been around for many years and their older models, particularly those that were manufactured around the late 90s and early 2000s have very poor resale value.
In fact, old Kia cars would only fetch a few thousand ringgit today and that is if the seller is lucky. One of the main reason for this is because the spare parts are very limited which makes them expensive. Furthermore, the older models were very heavy and as such had high fuel consumption
However, this has changed a lot in recent years with both the manufacturers changing their designs to be more contemporary, offering more value for money in their models to compete in the market. As such, you will find that the newer Korean cars are selling better than others.
European cars are good to own but hard to sell
European car owners meanwhile would struggle to sell them after a few years for a good price. Names like Peugeot, Citroen and Renault are great cars to have as they are very comfortable and nice to drive. However, when it comes to selling them as used cars, owners would expect at least a 40% drop.
This applies to the luxury car segment like Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Volvo, Audi and Alfa Romeo as well. Because of this, a lot of car sellers tend to bring models in from other markets and recondition them before selling at a higher price.
Local brands suffer bad resale value too
Gone are the days when Proton cars are highly demanded in the used car market. When Proton Saga and Proton Wira were top selling models, they were demanded everywhere. But with the likes of Proton Savvy and Proton Gen2, the demand for them have dropped. Perodua meanwhile has a model which is quite poorly demanded in the used car segment, the Perodua Kembara.
As such, these models have very low resale value. Furthermore, Proton Savvy has been known to have a gearbox problem which after a few years would break down and would cost thousands of ringgit.Read More
Every vehicle that moves on Malaysian road would be required to pay road tax. This is where you will find a special car sticker on the windscreen of every vehicle which is determined by the engine capacity.
One of the most affordable road tax rates in the world
It has been reported that Malaysia has one of the lowest rates when it comes to road tax. This is determined by the segment of the car it is in. Road tax in Malaysia is issued by the Jabatan Pengangkutan Malaysia or Road Transport Department. This is required if you are buying a new car. However, if you are renewing your road tax which happens yearly, you can do so through the post office nationwide.
Classification of cars
Cars are first classified between below and above 1.6 liters.
- Below 1.6L – The annual road tax amount for cars below this engine capacity is fixed. It is subject to between RM20 and RM90 which is set by JPJ.
- Above 1.6L – Cars that are above 1.6L or 1,600cc will be charged to a maximum of RM200 per vehicle.
Using the same formula, if the engine capacity is 1599 cc, it would be fixed that the road tax is RM90 per year. On the other hand, if the car is just 1 cc above 1600 (which is 1600cc), then the annual road tax would be RM200.40. This is quite a significant increase as compared to the car which is only 2cc below (RM110.40).
Segment of cars
Cars in Malaysia are divided into various segments with A and B being the most common. It must be noted that, both segments might have cars in different capacities but they are mostly identified via their sizes and other features.
- A-Segment – This refers to car which are in the supermini category. The range of engine in A-Segment is 1.0 to 1.2 liters. In most cases, A-segment cars are known to be very small in size and the Perodua Kancil is one of the most popular brands in this segment.
Besides that, the Perodua Kelisa is in this segment too. Other known models include the more recent Perodua Viva while Proton’s Savvy is the national carmakers model in this market.
- B-Segment – This segment forms the largest group of cars in Malaysia. They range between 1.3 and 1.8 liters. The demand for cars in this segment is the highest and that is where you will find models like Proton Saga, Perodua Myvi which is the best selling models for many years and Toyota Vios which are all between 13 and 1.5 liters.
Meanwhile, there are the ones in the higher engine capacities like 1.6 which involves Nissan Latio and Proton Perdana while many others are in the 1.8 liter bracket.